There are different ways of installing a network card in linux – and that too depending on the linux distribution that you are using. I will explain each one of these methods here.
1) The Manual method
First open the computer case and insert the network card into an empty PCI slot. Then boot up your machine to load linux. In linux login as root and then navigate to the directory /lib/modules/kernel_version_number/net/ . Here you will find the modules supported by your system.